UPS 公布 2019 年第四季度盈利

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美国佐治亚州,亚特兰大

Execution, Strategies and Investments Drive Continued Gains and Uniquely Position UPS for Future Success

  • 4Q19 Operating Profit Growth and Margin Expansion in All Segments
  • 4Q19 Positive Operating Leverage Driven by Lower Unit Cost in the U.S.
  • 4Q19 Diluted EPS of ($0.12); Adjusted* Diluted 4Q19 EPS Up 8.8% to $2.11
  • 4Q19 U.S. Daily Volume Grew Nearly 9%; Next Day Air Volume Up Nearly 26%
  • 2019 Cash from Operations of $8.6B; Adjusted Free Cash Flow Topped $4.1B
  • Announces Full-Year 2020 Adjusted EPS Guidance Range of $7.76 to $8.06
  • Speeding up time-in-transit and broadening weekend services in 2020 to capture profitable growth from Small- and Medium-sized Businesses (SMB)

UPS (NYSE:UPS) today announced fourth-quarter 2019 adjusted earnings per share of $2.11, an 8.8% increase over the same period last year.  The company’s results highlight the strong volume growth in the U.S. Domestic segment and the impact of successful execution from all segments.

“Our network improvements from transformation enabled UPS to embrace a surge in demand for air products while at the same time generate productivity improvements and positive operating leverage,” said David Abney, UPS chairman and CEO.  “Looking to 2020, we will continue to adapt to the changing environment, strengthen our network and create new solutions to support our strategic growth initiatives and help our customers grow and compete.”

In the fourth quarter of 2019, the company incurred a non-cash, after-tax mark-to-market (MTM) pension charge of $1.8 billion, an after-tax transformation charge of $39 million, and U.S. Domestic after-tax legal contingency and expense charges of $91 million, predominantly related to the New York cigarette case.  The total impact to EPS was $2.23 per diluted share.  MTM pension charges of $1.42 per diluted share were included in the company’s fourth-quarter GAAP results in the prior-year period.

Consolidated Results

 

2019 年第四季度

Adjusted
4Q 2019

 

4Q 2018

Adjusted
4Q 2018

营收

$20,568 M

 

$19,848 M

 

Net Income/Loss

($106 M)

$1,840 M

$453 M

$1,690 M

Diluted Earnings/Loss Per Share

($0.12)

$2.11

$0.52

$1.94

* “Adjusted” amounts presented in this release are non-GAAP financial measures. See the appendix to this release for a discussion of non-GAAP financial metrics, including a reconciliation to the most closely correlated GAAP measure.

For the total company in 4Q 2019:

  • Average daily volume levels exceeded 26.6 million packages, an increase of 7.5%, driven by high demand for air services in the U.S.
  • Consolidated revenue increased 3.6% to $20.6 billion, due to strong average daily volume growth during the peak holiday season.    
  • Operating profit grew 6.4%, and 13.7% on an adjusted basis, with margin improvement across all segments.

美国国内业务

The U.S. Domestic segment benefited from several transformation initiatives, including increased automated capacity and new aircraft added to the global air fleet, which positioned UPS to handle volume growth in each month of the quarter.  Total volume across all products grew nearly 9%.  Growth was driven by the structural shift to faster delivery in retail and  e-commerce, and from competitive wins.  UPS experienced growth from a number of large and SMB customers, with the growth led by UPS’s largest customer, Amazon.

“We processed record volume during the quarter as customers took full advantage of the capabilities of our integrated network and broad portfolio of solutions,” said Abney.  “Given the tremendous opportunities ahead, we have elected to implement SMB initiatives now to speed up our network and broaden our weekend operations, actions that will improve our competitiveness and generate growth.”

 

 

2019 年第四季度

Adjusted
4Q 2019

 

4Q 2018

Adjusted
4Q 2018

营收

134.08 亿美元

 

$12,575 M

 

营业利益

10.74 亿美元

$ 1,207 M

$999 M

$999 M

  • Revenue grew $833 million, a more than 6.5% increase, with growth across all products.
  • Operating profit increased 7.5%, up over 20% on an adjusted basis.
  • Operating margin was 8%; adjusted operating margin expanded 110 basis points.
  • Unit costs declined 2.1%; on an adjusted basis down 3.2%, contributing to the third consecutive quarter of positive operating leverage.  

国际业务

The International segment delivered higher profit and expanded operating margin, adapting well to the dynamic macro environment.  Strong execution, cost management and a strategic focus on market and e-commerce opportunities enabled the solid performance for the quarter.

 

 

2019 年第四季度

Adjusted
4Q 2019

 

4Q 2018

Adjusted
4Q 2018

营收

37.62 亿美元

 

$3,829 M

 

营业利益

7.99 亿美元

$ 809 M

$781 M

$781 M

  • Export volume was down slightly as gains on intra-Europe, intra-Asia and U.S. export trade lanes did not fully offset the declines into and out of the U.K. and on the Asia-U.S. lane.
  • Operating profit increased more than 2%, and by 3.6% on an adjusted basis.
  • Industry-leading operating margin remained strong at 21.2%; adjusted operating margin expanded 110 basis points.

供应链和货运业务

Supply Chain and Freight produced strong profit growth in the quarter.  The segment also expanded operating margins driven by disciplined cost management actions and continued focus on growing its SMB customer base.

 

 

2019 年第四季度

Adjusted
4Q 2019

 

4Q 2018

Adjusted
4Q 2018

营收

33.98 亿美元

 

$3,444 M

 

营业利益

2.60 亿美元

$ 262 M

$224 M

$224 M

  • Operating profit increased more than 16%, and by 17% on an adjusted basis.
  • Logistics, Marken and UPS Freight delivered revenue growth.
  • Logistics and Marken grew profits by double digits, which helped offset softer conditions in Forwarding and truckload brokerage.
  • UPS Freight produced an increase in revenue per LTL (less-than-truckload) hundredweight of 2.5%, driven by its focus on SMBs.

Full-year 2019 Consolidated Results

  • UPS’s transformation investments generated higher total revenue, operating profit growth and margin expansion in all segments.
  • Full-year 2019 diluted EPS totaled $5.11; adjusted diluted EPS was $7.53, excluding the impacts of the MTM pension charge, transformation charges and legal contingencies.
  • Total revenue increased to $74 billion, driven by strong volume growth in the U.S.
  • Capital expenditures were $6.4 billion, and on an adjusted basis $6.5 billion, to support network enhancements.
  • Annual adjusted free cash flow exceeded $4.1 billion.
  • Dividends paid were $3.3 billion, a per-share increase of 5.5% over the prior year.
  • The company repurchased more than 9 million shares for approximately $1 billion.

展望

The company provides guidance on an adjusted (non-GAAP) basis because it is not possible to predict or provide a reconciliation reflecting the impact of future pension mark-to-market adjustments or other unanticipated events, which would be included in reported (GAAP) results and could be material.

“UPS managed through several challenges in 2019, including declines in industrial production,” said Brian Newman, UPS’s chief financial officer.  “We were able to leverage the capital investments we have made to grow profits and expand margins, and we are fast-tracking our initiatives in 2020 to better position UPS to capitalize on structural changes in the market and growth opportunities.”

  • Adjusted, diluted earnings per share are expected to be in a range of $7.76 to $8.06, which includes forecasted weakness on the industrial side of the U.S. and global economies as well as spending on SMB initiatives that will significantly increase UPS competitiveness and will be EPS accretive in 2021.
  • The 2020 effective tax rate is expected to be between 22.5 and 23.5 percent.
  • Capital expenditures are planned to be around $6.7 billion, primarily to support global facility and automation expansions. 
  • Cash from operations is expected to be around $10 billion and free cash flow is anticipated to be between $4.3 and $4.7 billion.
  • Transformation charges are excluded from guidance.

视频会议信息

UPS CEO David Abney and CFO Brian Newman will discuss fourth-quarter results with investors and analysts during a conference call at 8:30 a.m. ET, 2020 年 1 月 30 日.  That call will be open to others through a live Webcast.  To access the call, go to www.investors.ups.com and click on “Earnings Webcast.”其他财务信息包括公布在“财务”下的 www.investors.ups.com 中并作为附件提交给美国证券交易委员会 (SEC) 的目前的 8-K 表格报告的详细财务时间表。

关于 UPS

UPS (纽交所: UPS) 为全球物流领导企业,提供广泛的解决方案,业务范围涵括国际快递及海空运货物运输,通过国际贸易便利化、先进科技的布署,从而更有效率地管理全球商务。UPS 总部设在美国亚特兰大市,服务范围遍及全球 220 多个国家和地区。UPS 获评《新闻周刊》杂志“运输货运”服务类别美国最佳客户服务公司和《福布斯》杂志运输业最具价值品牌,在 JUST 100 榜单社会责任类别中位列前茅,还受到道琼斯可持续发展世界指数、哈里斯民意调查声誉商数 (RQ®) 等其他声誉卓著的排名和奖项的肯定。UPS 公司的网址为 ups.compressroom.ups.com,企业博客网址为 ups.com/longitudes。公司的可持续发展电子刊物UPS Horizons位于ups.com/sustainabilitynewsletter。如欲直接了解 UPS 最新消息,请在 Twitter 上关注 @UPS_News。若要使用 UPS 寄件,请访问 ups.com/ship。

前瞻性陈述

Except for historical information contained herein, the statements made in this release constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Such forward-looking statements, including statements regarding the intent, belief or current expectations of UPS and its management regarding the company's strategic direction, prospects and future results, involve certain risks and uncertainties.

Certain factors may cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements, including changes in economic and other conditions in the markets in which we operate, governmental regulations (including tax laws and regulations), our competitive environment, the facts or assumptions underlying our health and pension benefit funding obligations, the results of negotiation and ratification of labor contracts, the impact of any strikes, work stoppages or slowdowns, changes in aviation and motor fuel prices, cyclical and seasonal fluctuations in our operating results, and other risks discussed in the company's Form 10-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which discussions are incorporated herein by reference.

GAAP 与非 GAAP 财务指标调节

We supplement the reporting of our financial information determined under generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") with certain non-GAAP financial measures, including, as applicable, "as adjusted" operating profit, operating margin, other income (expense), income (loss) before income taxes, income tax expense, net income and earnings per share. 此外,我们还会定期揭露自由现金流量、不含自提退休金的自由现金流量,以及含资本性租赁下长期债务偿还本金的资本支出。依据 GAAP 认定的同等指标也称为“公告”或“调整前”。

We consider quantitative and qualitative factors in assessing whether to adjust for the impact of items that may be significant or that could affect an understanding of our ongoing financial and business performance or trends. Examples of items for which we may make adjustments include but are not limited to: amounts related to mark-to-market gains or losses (non-cash); recognition of contingencies; gains or losses associated with mergers, acquisitions, divestitures and other structural changes; charges related to restructuring programs such as the implementation of our Transformation strategy; asset impairments (non-cash); amounts related to changes in tax regulations or positions; amounts related to changes in foreign currency exchange rates and the impact of any hedging activities; other pension and postretirement related items; and debt modifications.

我们认为,这些非 GAAP 指标可提供额外有意义的信息,协助财报用户了解我们的财务结果和现金流,并评估我们持续的表现,因为这些指标排除了可能不具我们潜在业务的指标,或是与其无关的项目,而且也可作为分析潜在业务趋势的实用基准。Management uses these non-GAAP financial measures in making financial, operating and planning decisions. We also use certain of these measures for the determination of incentive compensation awards.

非 GAAP 财务指标应该作为我们依据 GAAP 备制的公告结果的补充物,而非替代物。非 GAAP 财务信息不代表综合会计基础。因此,我们的非 GAAP 财务信息与其他公司报告的类似标题指标并不相当。

对外币汇率变动和对冲交易的影响

We supplement the reporting of our revenue, revenue per piece and operating profit with non-GAAP measures that exclude the period-over-period impact of foreign currency exchange rate changes and hedging activities. We believe currency-neutral revenue, revenue per piece and operating profit information allows users of our financial statements to understand growth trends in our products and results. We evaluate the performance of our International Package and Supply Chain and Freight segments on this currency-neutral basis.

货币中立营收、每件营收及营业利益将分别以当期公告美元营收、每件营收及营业利益除以当期平均汇率来计算,以取得当期的当地货币营收、每件营收和营业利益。所得出的金额再乘以用于转换上一年度每个月相比结果的平均外币汇率(在同期比较下外币对冲交易的影响)。当期公告美元营收、每件营收及营业利益与所得出的当期美元营收、每件营收及营业利益之间的差额即为货币波动在同期比较下的影响。

与法律意外事件和费用相关的成本

We supplement the presentation of our operating profit, operating margin, pre-tax income, net income and earnings per share with similar non-GAAP measures that exclude the impact of costs related to certain of our legal contingencies and expenses.  We believe this adjusted information provides a useful comparison of year-to-year financial performance without considering the impact of these contingencies and expenses. 我们以调整为基础,对业绩进行评估。

与改组计划相关的成本;转型策略成本

We supplement the presentation of our operating profit, operating margin, pre-tax income, net income and earnings per share with similar non-GAAP measures that exclude the impact of costs related to restructuring programs, including Transformation strategy costs.  We believe this adjusted information provides a useful comparison of year-to-year financial performance without considering the short-term impact of restructuring costs. 我们以调整为基础,对业绩进行评估。

以市值计价退休金及退休后调整

We recognize changes in the fair value of plan assets and net actuarial gains and losses in excess of a 10% corridor for company-sponsored pension and post-retirement obligations immediately as part of net periodic benefit cost other than service cost. We supplement the presentation of our pre-tax income, net income and earnings per share with similar non-GAAP measures that exclude the impact of the portion of net periodic benefit cost other than service cost represented by the gains and losses recognized in excess of the 10% corridor and the related income tax effects. We believe excluding these mark-to-market impacts from our adjusted results provides important supplemental information to remove the volatility caused by short term changes in market interest rates, equity prices, and similar factors.

This adjusted net periodic benefit cost ($754 million in 2019 and $615 million in 2018) is comparable to the accounting for our defined benefit plans in our quarterly reporting under U.S. GAAP, utilizing the expected return on plan assets (7.68% in 2019 and 2018) and the discount rate used to determine net periodic benefit cost (4.45% in 2019 and 3.81% in 2018).  The non-adjusted net periodic benefit cost reflects the actual return on plan assets (17.57% in 2019 and -2.38% in 2018) and the discount rate used to measure the projected benefit obligation at the December 31 measurement date (3.55% in 2019 and 4.45% in 2018).

这些以市值计价退休金及退休后调节的递延所得税影响是将调节率乘以各适用税务管辖区(包括美国联邦政府管辖区及美国各州及非美国管辖区)的法定税率计算而成。The blended average of the applicable statutory tax rates in 2019 and 2018 was 23.9% and 24.0%, respectively.

自由现金流量和调整后资本支出

We supplement the reporting of cash flows from operating activities with free cash flow, free cash flow excluding discretionary pension contributions and free cash flow plus principal repayments of capital lease obligations, non-GAAP liquidity measures. We believe these free cash flow measures are important indicators of how much cash is generated by regular business operations and we use them as a measure of incremental cash available to invest in our business, meet our debt obligations and return cash to shareowners. Additionally, we believe that adjusting capital expenditures for principal repayments of capital lease obligations more appropriately reflects the overall cash that we have invested in capital assets.We calculate free cash flow as cash flows from operating activities less capital expenditures, proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment, and plus or minus the net changes in finance receivables and other investing activities. 排除自提退休金的自由现金流量,再加回在此期间提拨的任何自提退休金。

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